Monday, 18 March 2019

Newspaper reading for pleasure (Second compilation) By Anil Kumar Gupta M.Com. M.A. (Economics).M.A. (English literature), DCA, M. Lib. & I Sc. (Regional Incentive awardee – 2014) Librarian KVS

Newspaper reading for pleasure
(Second compilation)

Anil Kumar Gupta
M.Com. M.A. (Economics).M.A. (English literature), DCA,
M. Lib. & I Sc.
(Regional Incentive awardee – 2014)
Newspaper term by its name suggests that the source which brings news to us by means of day - to - day happenings all around the locality, region, state, the country and the whole globe. With the expansion of education, the importance of newspapers have been increased by leaps and bounds. Every individual wants to read newspapers either in paper form or digital. It’s becoming the integral part of every morning of one’s life. People read newspapers having a cup of tea in their hand is a daily habit. People who are not literate they ask others to read newspaper for them. Reading newspaper is not simply a habit but this creates pleasure by reading various sections of newspaper like editorial, entertainment, sports, and review column and so on. In our country Indian newspapers are so popular as a source of contemporary topics, political news, news of international and national interests, sports, entertainment, matrimonial, advertisements, and many more. In India newspapers are published in regional languages, and in Hindi, English & Urdu. Newspapers create and exercise of profound influence on the minds of the people. The most important role of newspaper is to bring us news of the whole globe. News in the interests of the people and their charm without newspapers, we would be like a frog in a well who knows nothing of the outside world.                                        
In a developing and democratic country India, newspapers are an important means of forming public opinion.  They talk and comment on various current events and criticize or appreciate the conduct of the government, so that positive approach may be created amongst people.
This also creates sense of awareness about the country problems and its solutions. In this way they educate the minds of the people to create their own opinion on matters of their and national interests. Newspapers are the best source of creating a democratic approach possible. They keep people in touch with each other to create a sense of national integration and communal harmony.
                             Newspapers are read for the following reasons:-
* Entertainment
* Enriching vocabulary
* Current awareness
* Editorials
 * Sports news
* News of international issues
* Education
* Enriching grammar
* Enhancing command on speaking
* Enhancing command on reading
* Keeping self-update
* Book reviews
* Film reviews
* Music reviews
* Information about new publications
* Matrimonial
* To take part in social issues of contemporary world/society
* To know about the latest researches
* To know about the achievements in various fields
* News from economic world
* Knowing new products through advertisements

Newspapers are the best medium between the government and the people. Govt create awareness of schemes for the benefit of the countrymen through newspapers. This way people know about various schemes of the Govt and they express their satisfaction or dissatisfaction about the consequences of the schemes. Public opinion about Govt schemes helps Govt to take new measures for better implementation of the schemes, this way newspapers play a very vital role.
                                                Newspapers are the best source for trades and businessmen to bring their product in the market through advertisement. They create a sense of positive approach for their products through newspapers. People buy and sell their properties by giving advertisements in the newspapers. Newspapers also play vital role in connecting the society by providing matrimonial column.
          Today newspapers are available on internet also on free access basis in pdf forms. Anyone may read newspapers at any time by using internet facility online or offline by downloading the E-newspapers. Sometimes newspapers create communal violence by creating fake news or news not in an appropriate manner. Sometimes political news and opinion and comments create propaganda. This confuses the people and mislead them. The people fail to understand the truth. Sometimes news are even twisted and distorted. At other times, they stir up class hatred. They sow seeds of communal violence. This misuse of newspapers did much to courage agitation in the country. But these draw backs are nothing of compassion with their manifold benefits. They are really of great use for the people. So they should be encouraged in every way. On the whole the habit of reading newspapers is good one.  

Newspaper reading for pleasure (Second compilation) By Anil Kumar Gupta M.Com. M.A. (Economics).M.A. (English literature), DCA, M. Lib. & I Sc. (Regional Incentive awardee – 2014) Librarian KVS

Wednesday, 28 November 2018

Educational leadership Key to success for a school/academic institution - an article by - Anil Kumar Gupta

Educational leadership Key to success for a school/academic institution - an article by - Anil Kumar Gupta

Educational leadership
Key to success for a school/academic institution

Anil Kumar Gupta

M.Com. M.A. (Economics).
M. Lib & I Sc. DCA. M.A. (English Literature)

Regional Incentive Awardee 2014


Significance of Educational Leadership:-
                 There is great interest in educational leadership in the early part of the 21st century because of the widespread belief that the quality of leadership makes a significant difference to school and student outcomes. There is also increasing recognition that schools require effective leaders and managers if they are to provide the best possible education f or their learners. Schools need trained and committed teachers but they, in turn, need the leadership of highly effective principals and support from other senior and middle managers. While the need for effective leaders is widely acknowledged, there is much less certainty about which leadership behaviors are most likely to produce favourable outcomes. I examine the theoretical underpinning s for the field of educational leadership and management, assess different leadership mode ls, and discuss the evidence of their relative effectiveness in developing successful schools.
                   Educational Leadership requires a lot capabilities. This enables the success of an academic institution. The primary purpose of educational leadership is to ensure academic success through process, material and training improvements. This is mainly accomplished through collaboration with different individuals, such as educators, parents, students, policy makers and the people of the locality. From a business perspective, educational leadership is a form of academic management and quality control. A successful leader should be contemporary in all respect. He/she should be sincere, dedicated, courageous, and passionate for work, hardworking, knowledgeable, and resilient and should be capable about learning theories and child psychology and development. He/she should be able to work in a team with all kinds of people. He/she must be positive in all respect, credible, caring, charismatic, compassionate and inspirational. He/she should be soft spoken and respecting every individual.
                                         He/she must be capable to know other’s caliber and efficiencies. He/she must be known to delegate the work for smooth functioning of the institution. Educational leadership is centered on certain key principles. First, educational leadership creates a vision of academic success for all students. This is important because there has always been a historical gap between students on different socio-economical levels and high and low achieving students. Second, educational leadership strives to maintain a safe and receptive learning environment. That is, a healthy school environment is key to providing comfortable, orderly and structured classrooms. Third, educational leadership delegates responsibility to others. This means that teachers, parents and even students are empowered to take responsibility and accept accountability. Fourth, instructional methods and curriculum content must be continually updated and improved as per the needs of the contemporary educational scenario. Fifth, the field of education must borrow and adapt modern management tools, processes and techniques to meet modern approaches.

What Successful school leaders do?

 @ They provide clear aims and goal to reach.
@ They put in place sound approaches that enables teachers and students to observe learning process and the steps required to meet learning aims.
@ They communicate the vision of the institution clearly to students, parents and teaching faculty with other staff members.
@ They create positive environment for all.
@ They foster and promote a culture of trust and sharing of ideas and thoughts for the betterment of the institution.
@ They recognize that teaching and learning is their main objective and main objective of the institution.
@ They are well informed in their actions by principles of doing what is right.
@ They foster standards of teaching and learning that are high and attainable.
@ They spent time in the classroom to interact with students and observing teachers.

                             These were some of the features of a successful school leader. If these are considered success is sure.

Educational leadership needs the followings:-

·       For school leadership community of learners must be created. This will create a better scenario of learning among students, teachers and colleagues. Positive relationship may be built among the learners.
·       For a successful institution this is very important that they have to take care of their celebrations, traditions, culture and programmes. These must be maintained in all respect. These traditions help the next authority who joins the institution later.
·       To achieve high expectations from staff and students one thing must be taken care of that the traditions they follow must be obeyed in all respect. This requires high level of motivation for both staff and students.
·       It should be noticed by the authority that the faculty is enough capable to hold teaching learning process in a fruitful manner so that students may be benefitted. They must be provided with all sorts of requirements. They must be well equipped and less interfere of the authorities to their work. Proper infrastructure may be provided to inculcate better educational leadership.
·       To maintain educational leadership this is very important that work or responsibilities or power must be delegated, so that less stress may be there on individual’s shoulder.  School Principal may play a very vital role in this regard. One event manager must be there in every school, so that teaching learning process may go on smoothly.
·       To create active participation school/institution leader may announce on monthly basis incentives as “sincere employee of the month”. Process of selection of such candidate may be transparent in all respect.
·       Role of leader of the institution/school is very important in respect to visibility and accessibility of the staff for active participation in teaching learning process. He/she should be socially and morally attached with all the staff members. He/she should not rely on one or two of the staff members specifically. Less time may be consumed by the teaching faculty to perform their duties, it should be sincerely taken care of.
·       Workshops may be organized on various contents time to time to enrich skills of the teaching staff to meet modern approach of teaching and learning. Contemporary approach of teaching learning process may be maintained an all respect.
·       To resolve every minute problem of every child, teaching staff may be trained to deal with such matters sympathetically and with positive approach.
·       To meet the objectives of the institution, team spirit may be inculcated among all the members. This will create positive and healthy environment.
·        A leader identify methods to energize your staff towards the creation of efficient and effective organizations.
.        A leader must develop a personal leadership philosophy and plan.
·                 A leader should analyze the leadership practices and philosophies of     current and former organizational leaders.
                                     Educational leadership and management are two different things. Managerial skill is totally different from the skills of educational leadership. Managerial part is observed by the educational leader in a school or in an academic institution. Educational leadership require better skills for smooth functioning of the school.  A leader should be energetic, punctual, resourceful, positive, skillful, working with team work, enthusiastic, socially, ethically and morally sound. Educational leader should be capable to hold the standards, the challenges and complexities of principalship, school reforms and require exceptional coping skills.                             
                          On the basis of above mentioned information we can conclude that educational leadership plays a very vital role in today’s school education.

Reference: -
1.       Educational leadership and management: theory, policy, and practice BY Tony Bush South African Journal of Education Copyright © 2007 EASA Vol 27(3)391–406.
2.       Educational leadership by Hiren Parikh in The progressive teacher magazine. Vol.No.02 Issue No.05 of November/December 2015. page.8.
3.       Other articles from Internet and other sources
4.       Discussion with colleagues

Monday, 26 November 2018